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A Comprehensive Guide to Finding Jobs in Iceland for Foreigners

Updated: Feb 14

Navigating the job market for jobs in Iceland can sometimes feel like traversing an Icelandic glacier - full of unexpected challenges but rewarding. This comprehensive guide aims to shed light on this journey, much like the midnight sun illuminating Iceland's summer nights.

Here, we delve into the dynamic landscape of opportunities, spanning from Reykjavik's vibrant city life to the remote tranquility of the countryside. This guide will cater to everyone, whether you're a US citizen dreaming of a Nordic adventure or an EU citizen seeking a change of scenery.

We'll explore a variety of sectors, including engineering, nursing, and tourism, ensuring you have a well-rounded understanding of Iceland's job market. Buckle up for a journey packed with valuable insights and practical tips!

jobs in iceland

A Glimpse Into the Iceland Job Market

With its stable democracy and bustling consumer economy, Iceland presents a plethora of jobs in Iceland for foreigners. The economy is primarily driven by three pillars: aluminum smelting, fishing, and tourism.

The growth of the IT sector and the robustness of renewable energy industries are also noteworthy, contributing to increased job opportunities. Though economic growth has slowed since 2016, the unemployment rate remains low.

This indicates a strong job market, making Iceland an appealing choice for foreign workers. Today, foreigners constitute around 12-13% of the workforce, contributing to various sectors and strengthening the economy.

jobs in iceland for foreigners

Which Iceland Jobs Are in Demand? Careers To Consider

As a dynamic economy, Iceland's labor market offers a range of opportunities across various sectors. This diverse landscape caters to a plethora of skill sets and professional backgrounds. Here's a look at some of the most in-demand careers in Iceland:

  • Tourism Industry Professionals: According to WorldData, Iceland ranks 37th in the world for tourist arrivals. With such many visitors, the tourism sector offers many job opportunities for locals and foreigners.

  • IT and Tech Specialists: Iceland's tech scene is blossoming. Roles like software developers, IT consultants, data analysts, and cybersecurity experts are highly sought after.

  • Healthcare Workers: As in most countries, healthcare is a critical sector. There's a continuous demand for doctors, nurses, therapists, and other medical professionals.

  • Fisheries and Aluminum Smelting Workers: These sectors form the historical backbone of Iceland's economy, requiring a steady stream of workers from ship crew members to aluminum plant technicians.

  • Education Professionals: The demand for English-speaking teachers and educators in international schools and language centers is rising.

  • Energy Sector Professionals: Given Iceland's reliance on renewable energy, there are opportunities for engineers and technicians specializing in geothermal and hydroelectric power.

  • Construction Workers: With ongoing infrastructure development and a booming real estate sector, construction workers, architects, and civil engineers are in demand.

iceland engineering jobs

Work in Iceland for Foreigners: Regulations and Requirements

Securing jobs in Iceland as a foreigner involves understanding certain regulations and requirements. Firstly, non-EU/EEA citizens need a work permit and a residence permit to work in Iceland. These are usually obtained together, with the employer often initiating the process.

For EU/EEA citizens, the process is simpler due to freedom of movement rights. They can live and work in Iceland without a permit. Still, they must register with the Icelandic Directorate of Immigration if they plan to stay longer than three months.

Regardless of origin, all foreign workers need to have a kennitala (a national ID number) which is essential for almost all transactions in Iceland, including opening a bank account and receiving a salary.

It's also important to note that jobs in Iceland for English speakers are generally the easiest way to get a job in Iceland as an expat, but learning some Icelandic can significantly enhance social integration and job opportunities.

Iceland Employment: Current Trends

Work in Iceland for foreigners has evolved dynamically, heavily influenced by economic factors and industry developments. As of recent data, the unemployment rate in Iceland is 3.4%, making it an attractive place for jobseekers.

A significant trend in Iceland's job market is the rise in tourism-related jobs, accounting for nearly 42% of the total exports. Meanwhile, the IT sector has seen steady growth, emerging as one of the fastest-growing sectors in the country. The healthcare industry, too, shows a consistent demand for professionals, given the country's strong focus on quality healthcare services.

Iceland unemployement rate

Another notable trend is the steady demand for skilled workers in the renewable energy sector. Iceland is globally recognized for its advanced utilization of geothermal and hydroelectric power. These trends underline the diverse and promising opportunities available in Iceland's job market.

Decoding Job Opportunities in Iceland for Specific Professions

As we navigate the diverse terrain of jobs in Iceland, it's crucial to explore the distinct landscape of opportunities available for specific professions.

Whether you're a healthcare professional, an engineer, an educator, or a tourism industry expert, understanding how your skills and expertise fit into Iceland's employment panorama is key to securing your ideal job.

In this section, we will decode job opportunities in Iceland for various professions, providing you with an in-depth view of the prospects, demand, and unique characteristics of each field.

Iceland Engineering Jobs: A Promising Field for Professionals

For engineering professionals, Iceland's job market offers a vast array of opportunities spanning various industries. From the energy sector to construction and infrastructure development, the demand for Iceland engineering jobs is high.

Engineering jobs in Iceland often require a degree in a relevant field and some practical experience. Engineers specializing in geothermal and hydroelectric power are highly sought after in Iceland's thriving renewable energy sector. Nearly 100% of the country's electricity is generated from renewable sources.

Geothermal energy source, Iceland

For construction and civil engineering roles, experience with infrastructure projects can be a significant advantage. These roles often require strong problem-solving abilities, project management skills, and the capacity to work effectively in team environments. Ultimately, the Icelandic engineering job market promises many opportunities for those with the right qualifications and skills.

Nursing Jobs in Iceland: A Comprehensive Guide for Foreigners

Nursing is another promising job in Iceland. As of 2018, there were over 4,800 registered nurses in the country, which continues to grow. Despite the competitive landscape, nursing jobs in Iceland for foreigners can be found if the right qualifications and expertise are present.

Since nurses need to have a Bachelor's degree or higher in nursing, experience with licensed practice in the EU is also a significant advantage. Nurses must be adequately prepared to deal with specific conditions in Iceland, given its distinctive climate and geography.

Regarding work permits conditions, EU/EEA citizens are not required to obtain permits if they plan to stay up to three months. For non-EU citizens, obtaining a work permit is usually initiated by the employer, and a residence permit may also be required.

nursing jobs in iceland

Other Healthcare Jobs in Iceland: A Thriving Sector for Professionals

Healthcare jobs in Iceland present an opportune landscape for medical professionals worldwide. The demand is high, thus making healthcare an appealing industry to venture into. Iceland values educational and professional qualifications, so whether you're a general practitioner or a specialist, ensuring that your credentials are acknowledged in the country is pivotal.

For those in specialized roles, it's advisable to commence the job hunt considerably before your move to Iceland. To gain entrance into a medical school in Iceland, candidates must hold a Bachelor's degree, successfully complete a three-year course with 180 ECTS credits, and undertake a 12-month residency program.

This then culminates in the NBME Clinical Sciences Comprehensive Examination. In a nutshell, the healthcare industry in Iceland holds a wealth of promise for professionals, boasting a range of roles and potential for growth.

Teaching Jobs in Iceland for English Speakers: A Viable Career Path

Teaching jobs in Iceland is also a viable career path for English speakers. For those with teaching qualifications and experience, securing a job as an English teacher is generally quite straightforward. Most language schools hire foreign teachers on short-term contracts or longer-term positions, depending on the school's needs.

It is important to note that language teaching roles often require additional qualifications, such as a TEFL or CELTA certificate. However, some language schools may also accept experienced teachers with relevant subject-specific knowledge and/or teaching experience. Those looking for work in public schools must have a relevant teaching qualification, which is usually obtained through the Icelandic National Qualifications Framework (NFQ).

jobs in iceland for english speakers

Overall, Iceland's job opportunities for English speakers, particularly in the teaching field, are plentiful and open to those with the right qualifications. With the right approach, it is possible to secure rewarding teaching roles in Iceland.

Tourism Jobs in Iceland: Making the Most of the Country's Popularity

The demand for jobs in Iceland in the tourism sector continues to rise, given the country's increasing popularity. From hotel and restaurant staff to tour guides, there are plenty of opportunities available – catering to both local and international tourists.

Tourism jobs in Iceland require various qualifications depending on the role. For instance, those looking to work as tour guides must hold a valid tour guide license from the Icelandic Tourist Board. Meanwhile, those looking for jobs in the hospitality industry should have relevant qualifications and experience.

Overall, Iceland's flourishing tourism sector provides significant job opportunities for those with the necessary skills and qualifications. With the right approach, it is possible to secure a rewarding career in this field.

Hotel Jobs in Iceland: An Inside Look Into the Hospitality Industry

Hotel jobs in Iceland are also rising, given the country's booming tourism industry. From front desk managers to housekeeping staff, hotels nationwide seek employees with varied skill sets and qualifications.

Relevant experience in hospitality is usually required when applying for positions at hotels and other accommodation establishments. It is also beneficial to possess a valid Icelandic work permit, as well as a good level of proficiency in English – both written and spoken.

hotel jobs in iceland

Ultimately, Iceland's hospitality sector is a great place to start or continue a career in the hotel industry. With its booming tourism industry and increasing demand for quality service, significant job opportunities exist for those with the right qualifications and skillset.

Restaurant Jobs in Iceland for Foreigners: A Culinary Career in a Foreign Land

Given Iceland's dynamic culinary scene, restaurant jobs in Iceland are plentiful for those with the right qualifications and experience. From bustling city eateries in Reykjavik to cozy countryside bistros, the restaurant landscape is diverse, making it an exciting place for foreigners to explore career prospects.

The roles range from kitchen staff and chefs to restaurant managers and sommeliers. Prior experience, along with relevant qualifications, can enhance the chances of landing a job. Moreover, the ability to work under pressure and deliver exceptional customer service is vital in this industry.

Foreign applicants must secure a work permit before starting employment, typically involving the employer initiating the process. For English speakers, language isn't a significant barrier, but learning some Icelandic can certainly be beneficial.

hospitality industry jobs

Tech Jobs in Iceland: Riding the Wave of Technological Advancements

Tech jobs in Iceland are also rising, thanks to the nation's increasing focus on technological advancements. With its strong commitment to R&D and innovation, Iceland is creating a vibrant tech industry that offers plenty of opportunities for professionals with the right qualifications and expertise.

Software engineers, data scientists, UX designers, IT experts, cybersecurity specialists – these are just some of the many tech roles available in Iceland. To land these positions, candidates must possess relevant qualifications and/or experience. It is also essential to demonstrate proficiency in English, as well as the ability to work effectively in team environments.

Ultimately, Iceland's job market is ripe with opportunities for tech professionals who are willing to pursue them. With its burgeoning R&D sector, Iceland is an ideal destination for tech professionals looking to further their careers.

Construction Jobs in Iceland: Building a Strong Career Foundation

Construction jobs in Iceland are also in demand, as the country's infrastructure is continuously expanding. Skilled laborers with experience in carpentry, plumbing, masonry, electronics, and HVAC are highly sought-after by employers in the construction industry.

In most cases, a valid permit to work in Iceland or an Icelandic residency permit is required when applying for positions in this field. Additionally, certifications and evidence of previous work experience are also beneficial for securing jobs.

All in all, Iceland's construction industry is teeming with opportunities for those willing to pursue them. With its robust infrastructure development plans and ample job openings, it is an ideal destination for laborers looking to build a strong career foundation.

construction jobs in iceland

Job Opportunities in Specific Locations

Jobs in Iceland are also available in specific locations. While jobs are widely available throughout the country, certain areas tend to have a higher concentration of openings.

For instance, Reykjavik is the hub of business and commerce in Iceland, making it a prime destination for jobs in finance, accounting, and tech. Meanwhile, the northern regions are home to many industries involving fishing, agriculture, and tourism. The eastern fjords also offer abundant opportunities for those interested in working with salmon fisheries or as tour guides.

Ultimately, it is worth considering specific locations within Iceland when searching for job openings. With its varied landscapes and industries, the country offers various options depending on one's interests and qualifications.

Jobs in Reykjavik: The Capital's Flourishing Job Market

Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland and its most populous city. As such, this metropolitan hub offers a wealth of job opportunities for both locals and foreigners alike.

Jobs in Reykjavik range from administrative roles at public offices to positions in IT and finance. To land these positions, applicants should possess relevant qualifications and experience – as well as a valid permit to work in Iceland.

Many multinational companies have also set up their headquarters in Reykjavik, offering exciting opportunities for foreign professionals across various fields. From finance and IT to hospitality and communications, the job market is constantly expanding, making it an ideal place for those looking for stimulating career prospects.

jobs in reykjavik

Summer Jobs in Iceland: Temporary Work in Picturesque Locations

Summer jobs in Iceland are plentiful for those looking for seasonal employment. These Iceland part-time jobs provide a unique chance to experience the Icelandic culture and work in some truly picturesque locations. Here's a glimpse into what one can expect:

  • Tourism Sector: Tour guides, hotel staff, and restaurant employees are much in demand. It's a great way to interact with travelers from around the globe.

  • Fishing Industry: Temporary positions in fishing and seafood processing are available, offering a hands-on experience of Iceland's important industry.

  • Agriculture: Farm help, particularly in sheep and horse farms, can provide a fulfilling experience of rural Icelandic life.

  • Event Staff: Music festivals, cultural events, and sporting competitions often need temporary staff to ensure smooth operations.

A Comprehensive Guide for US Citizens Looking for Jobs in Iceland

For US citizens looking for jobs in Iceland, the process is relatively straightforward. Prospective candidates must acquire a valid work permit, attain the necessary qualifications and/or experience, and secure a job offer. Here's a comprehensive guide to getting started:

Jobs in Iceland for US citizens: A Step-By-Step Guide

1. Acquire a valid work permit: To legally work in Iceland, US citizens must acquire a valid work permit from the Icelandic Directorate of Immigration. This permit must be obtained before entering the country.

2. Prepare your documents: Prospective employees must submit a comprehensive set of documents to demonstrate their qualifications and eligibility. These include educational certificates, a CV, proof of funding for living expenses, and a valid passport. For some specific job positions, a criminal background check may also be required.

3. Contact potential employers: US citizens can find job opportunities through recruitment agencies, job websites, and even social media sites such as LinkedIn. It is also important to network with local contacts who can provide useful insights into the job market.

4. Enter the country: Once you have secured a job offer, you can enter Iceland. However, you may still need to apply for a valid work permit upon arrival in the country.

jobs for americans in iceland

Work in Iceland as an American: Understanding the Legal Framework

Working in Iceland as an American is possible, provided that the necessary paperwork is completed. The Icelandic government has implemented strict laws and regulations to protect both employers and employees, making it essential to have a solid understanding of the legal framework before applying for jobs in Iceland.

Applicants must be aware of their rights and obligations under Icelandic employment law. This includes understanding the lengths of contracts, salary requirements, vacation entitlements, working hours, and other important aspects of the job. They must also consider tax regulations and residency requirements before taking on any position in Iceland.

Getting a Job in Iceland as a US Citizen: Strategies and Tips

Getting a job in Iceland as an American requires careful planning and effective strategies. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Research the local job market: Take the time to understand the local labor market. This includes familiarizing yourself with the industries that are in demand, as well as job opportunities in specific regions.

  • Network with locals: It's important to have local contacts who can provide useful insights into the job market and even recommend potential open positions.

  • Speak the language: Although English is widely spoken, it helps to learn some basic Icelandic phrases as a sign of respect for the culture. This may also give you an edge when applying for jobs.

  • Be persistent: Competition for job openings can be fierce, so it's important to remain persistent and apply to multiple positions.

jobs in iceland for us citizens

A Comprehensive Guide for EU Citizens Looking for Jobs in Iceland

The process of finding jobs in Iceland for European Union citizens is broadly similar to the one outlined above. However, there are a few key differences that should be taken into consideration. Here's an overview:

Jobs in Iceland for EU Citizens: Opportunities and Considerations

1. Acquire a valid work permit: European Union citizens do not need to apply for a work permit before entering the country, but they may still need to acquire one if the job is to be long-term or require specialized skills.

2. Research the labor market: Understanding the labor markets in Iceland and Europe as a whole can help EU citizens pinpoint the regions that offer the most job opportunities.

3. Understand cultural differences: As an EU citizen, it is important to familiarize yourself with local customs and etiquette to ensure a smooth transition into life in Iceland.

4. Prepare your documents: EU citizens must prepare a comprehensive set of documents that demonstrate their qualifications, including educational certificates, a CV, proof of financial stability, and a valid passport.

5. Network with locals: Having local contacts can be invaluable when applying for jobs in Iceland, as they can provide useful tips and information on the job market.

Job online search

Careers in Iceland for EU citizens: Industries and Professions

Despite its small size, Iceland has an economy that is largely driven by technology and innovation. As a result, there are plenty of job opportunities for EU citizens in sectors such as IT, finance, engineering, healthcare, education, and tourism.

The fishing industry also offers a range of positions for skilled workers. Additionally, skilled hospitality staff can find jobs in the vibrant events sector, which includes everything from music festivals to cultural events.

Agricultural workers may also find opportunities in the farming industry, and those with an equestrian background can pursue careers in horse farms.

Finding a Job in Iceland: Useful Platforms and Resources

The cost of living in Iceland can be high, so it's important to have a clear understanding of the job market. To this end, there are several platforms and resources that can help prospective employees find work in Iceland. These include:

  • Job websites: Platforms such as DiscoveryToday and CareerBuilder offer job postings for various jobs in Iceland.

  • Recruitment agencies: Use recruitment agencies such as with local expertise to help you find the right job opportunities.

  • LinkedIn: Sign up for a LinkedIn account and use it to network with local contacts and discover job openings.

  • Government resources: Consult government websites such as the Directorate of Labour (Vinnumalastofnun) and Statistics Iceland (Hagstofa Islands) for up-to-date information on the job market.

iceland employment

Applying for Jobs in Iceland: Resume Tips and Interview Strategies

The job application process in Iceland typically involves a well-crafted resume and, potentially, an interview. Here are some tips for success:

Resume Tips

  • Keep it concise: Icelanders prefer straightforward, one-page resumes.

  • Highlight key skills: Emphasize abilities that make you a valuable addition to the Icelandic workforce, such as language skills or relevant industry experience.

  • Tailor your resume: Adapt your resume to fit each specific job application. Highlight relevant experience and skills that align with the job description.

Interview Strategies

  • Be punctual: Showing up late for an interview is considered highly disrespectful in Iceland.

  • Dress appropriately: While Iceland has a fairly casual business culture, it's important to dress neatly and professionally for interviews.

  • Research the company: Show your enthusiasm for the role by demonstrating your understanding of the company's mission and values.

  • Prepare to discuss salary: In Iceland, it's common for employers to discuss salary expectations during the interview. Do your research beforehand to know what's reasonable for your industry and role.

jobs needed in iceland


What are the most in-demand jobs in Iceland?

The most in-demand jobs in Iceland are in the tourism, hospitality, and tech industries. There is also a growing demand for skilled workers in the healthcare, engineering, and construction sectors.

Is it difficult to find a job in Iceland as a foreigner?

It can be challenging to find a job in Iceland as a foreigner, but it is not impossible. If you have the right skills and experience, you should be able to find a job in your field. It is also helpful to be fluent in Icelandic, as this will give you a competitive edge in the job market.

What is the cost of living in Iceland?

The cost of living in Iceland is relatively high, but it is still lower than in some other European countries. The average rent for a one-bedroom apartment in Reykjavík is around $2,000 per month. Food prices are also higher than in other countries, but you can save money by cooking at home.

Navigating Iceland's Job Market

Getting a job in Iceland for both US and EU citizens can be a daunting task. With this guide, however, you should now have an understanding of the job market in Iceland and the steps necessary to make your move there. Remember to research potential employers, use your networks to find leads, and be persistent when applying for jobs.

Lastly, you can also rent a campervan in Iceland to explore the country and find job opportunities while on the go. A campervan is an affordable housing option and can provide you with the freedom to explore Iceland's unique landscape. Good luck!


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